Holy Trinity | The Old Testament Trinity | Troika

The Orthodox Church affirms the doctrine of the Holy Trinity, which acknowledges the existence
of three divine personalitites – God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit – within
one Godhead. This concept of the Trinity is fundamental to the Orthodox faith and is deeply
rooted in the Church’s theology and teachings.
The notion of the Trinity does not imply that there are three gods, and the Orthodox Church is,
unequivocally, a monotheistic religion. Instead, the Trinity is viewed as an expression of the
unity and indivisibility of God. The Father is considered the source of the Holy Trinity, and,
according to the teachings of the Church, the other two divine persons originate from Him. This
does not imply that the Father has a higher status or is more important than the other two
persons of the Holy Trinity. The Son and the Holy Spirit are seen as sharing the same essence
with the Father, and they are equal and eternal.
The concept of the Holy Trinity is essentially a mystery that is beyond human comprehension.
The three persons of the Trinity exist outside of space and time and are therefore not limited by
our earthly existence. The concept of the Trinity is based on the love and fellowship between
the three divine persons. The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit form a loving community that allows
God to be one, with the Father as its origin.
The Church compares the Holy Trinity to a family, where the father is the head of the
household. In this analogy, the Father represents the head of the Trinity, and the Son and Holy
Spirit represent its members. This comparison allows us to understand the unity and equality of
the three divine persons while also acknowledging their unique roles.
The Church also uses iconography to represent the Holy Trinity. One of the most famous
depictions is the Trinity Icon, created by the Russian monk Andrei Rublev in the 15th century.
The Icon portrays the three divine persons in the form of three angelic figures. The figures are
seen sitting before a table, with one of them positioned in the center. The figures are dressed in
similar white garments, and their wings are touching, which signifies their unity. The table
before them bears a chalice, representing the Eucharist, and bread.

In conclusion, the concept of the Holy Trinity is a central tenet of the Orthodox Church. It
acknowledges the existence of three divine persons – God the Father, God the Son, and God the
Holy Spirit – within one Godhead. The Holy Trinity is a mystery beyond human comprehension,
existing outside of time and space. Its representation in iconography underscores its profound
importance and significance in the Orthodox faith.