Orthodox cross | 25024


  • Russian cross
  • Orthodox bronze cross
  • 19th century
  • 6.7 x 3.9 in | 17 x 10 cm


The magnificent bronze or brass cross stands as a testament to faith and devotion, capturing the essence of Orthodox spirituality. Its design is adorned with symbolic elements that hold deep significance for believers, inviting contemplation and reverence.

Above the cross, nestled with grace, is the revered Mandylion, an ancient holy relic believed to bear the miraculous imprint of Christ’s face. Flanking the Mandylion, two angels stand in ethereal beauty, their celestial presence evoking a sense of divine protection and guidance.

In the heart of the cross, at the very center, is the profound depiction of the Crucified. The figure of Jesus Christ, the Son of God, hangs upon the cross, bearing the weight of humanity’s sins with unwavering love and sacrifice. His outstretched arms, affixed to the longer cross arm, symbolize the embrace of salvation offered to all who seek redemption.

The cross itself follows the distinctive form known as the Russian, Orthodox, or Byzantine cross. Its unique structure comprises two horizontal arms intersected by a diagonal arm, each bearing its own spiritual significance.

The topmost short arm represents the Titulus board, a wooden tablet inscribed with the letters INRI, signifying Jesus’ title as the King of the Jews. It serves as a reminder of the profound truth proclaimed during Christ’s crucifixion, an affirmation of his divine sovereignty.

The middle arm, longer than the top one, serves as a platform for the attachment of the crucified person’s outstretched arms. It symbolizes the loving embrace of Christ, who offers salvation and reconciliation to humanity through his selfless sacrifice.

The lower sloping arm, known as the soupdaneum, serves as a supporting footboard or footstool. It represents the unwavering foundation of faith, upon which the crucified person rests and finds solace. It is a reminder of the steadfastness and support that God provides to those who turn to Him.

This particular cross holds a significant historical connection, as it is a replica of the priestly cross belonging to the esteemed Protopope Avvakum. Avvakum Petrov, born in the early 17th century, emerged as a prominent figure within the Old Believers movement, a group staunchly committed to preserving traditional Orthodox practices. His unwavering faith and literary contributions made him a respected representative of Old Russian literature. The cross serves as a cherished souvenir, honoring his legacy and symbolizing the enduring spirit of those who have ardently held onto their beliefs.

Within the intricate craftsmanship of this bronze or brass cross, faith finds form, and devotion finds expression. It stands as a beacon of hope, inspiring believers to reflect upon the profound sacrifice of Christ and the unwavering commitment of those who have faithfully followed His path throughout history.

Source: © Ikonen Mautner. Typing errors, other errors or changes reserved. For more information: “Das Synaxarion. Die Leben der Heiligen der Orthodoxen Kirche.” (http://www.prodromos-verlag.de/buecher.html) and Joachim Schäfer: Das Ökumenische Heiligenlexikon – https://www.heiligenlexikon.de

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Orthodox cross | 25024
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