Orthodox icon | Holy New Testament Trinity | 24804.
The “Trinity” concept comes from the Greek word “trias,” meaning a trio. It depicts God as three entities: the “Father,” the “Son,” and the “Holy Spirit.” Each has its identity, but they are united. The “New Testament Trinity” showcases these aspects. While often tied to Western traditions, its origins are Greek. This representation likely emerged from the Cretan school, influenced by Psalm 110.
The Council of Chalcedon in 451 helped shape Christian beliefs using Holy Scriptures and faith formulas. It followed the 1st Council of Nicaea in 325 and the Council of Constantinople in 381. The Holy Scriptures contain triadic expressions, like Christ’s instruction in Matthew 28:19. The Trinity icon mirrors the New Testament, referencing verses like Luke 22:69 and Mark 16:19.
Around the cherubim are an archangel and symbols of the evangelists: the winged man (Matthew), hidden lion (Mark), concealed bull (Luke), and eagle (John).
Above the Trinity, seven archangels appear with Christ Emmanuel, celestial powers, and the Christ emblem.